It was not about the outcome of obtaining a PhD but instead it was about the process of getting there!

Life has thrown me many curve balls over the years and I would like to give special thanks to my parents for tirelessly supporting me through all the life changing events that eventually led me back to school. Thanks to my mum for being my rock and helping keep me in touch with reality throughout my studies. Thanks to my dad for letting me do it ‘my way’ and for encouraging and inspiring me to reach for my dreams.

Thanks to my husband Darryl (IAMIMOM), for all the inspiring and motivating conversations, that helped me grasp a better understanding of all things game related. Thanks also for being my gaming partner and fellow geek and for all those hours spent unwinding playing co-op Gears of War and Halo 3. Thanks to Kaci, for choosing me as your mum and thanks for keeping me entertained at work when I sneaked you under my table, dressed as a witch pretending to be in a castle full of evil vampires. Thanks to the Charles family for warmly welcoming me and Kaci into their family and for supporting me throughout my studies.

Thanks also to both of my lifelong friends Julie and Monica for being by my side all these years, through all the good times and the bad. “Truly great friends are hard to find, difficult to leave, and impossible to forget.” Thanks to my friend Debbie (aka Wee Elf) for rescuing me from 2nd yr and showing me that there is a life outside of university and it usually begins with a trip to Next, swiftly followed by a Starbucks! You helped keep my sanity intact although others may find this debatable!

Thanks to all my brothers and sisters, Richard, Brian, Niall, Peter, Danielle, Michaela, and Grace. You have all inspired me and helped me to remain focused and finish my studies. A special thank you to Grace for adopting Kaci as her own and babysitting for hundreds of hours so I could attend university.

Thanks to my excellent supervisory team, Prof. Dave Bustard and Dr. Michaela Black for making the process of doing a PhD both an invaluable and enjoyable experience. Thank you for all your support and guidance throughout the project. Thanks also to Dr. Roger Austin for his advice in the lead up to the write-up. Thanks to the University of Ulster, and also to all the staff from the School of Computing and Information Engineering. A special thanks to Mrs Pauleen Marshall who warmly welcomed me into the School as an undergraduate student and for looking after me so well all these years. I am indebted to you for your kindness. Thanks also to Mr Tony McLaughlin, without your ‘banter’ I may well have thrown in the towel, or shovel!

Finally, I would like to thank Prof. Randy Pausch RIP for giving me perspective and helping me realise it was in fact a ‘head fake’. It was not about the outcome of obtaining a PhD but instead it was about the process of getting there!

“Experience is not what happens to a man, it is what a man does with what happens to him.”

– Aldous Huxley

Contributor: Therese Charles – Therese can be found on LinkedIn

Source: Charles, T (2010) Enhanced eLearning Engagement Using Game AbsorptioN Techniques (E.L.E.G.A.N.T), PhD, University of Ulster, School of Computing & Information Engineering


Mum – it might all have been worth it in the end!

I  would like to take this opportunity to thank a few people who have made the process of writing this dissertation somewhat easier during the past year.

Firstly, I would like to thank my supervisor, Dr. William Webster, for being patient, encouraging and supportive. Also for giving me lots of valuable advice that has certainly made this project a lot easier to complete.

Thank you to Topshop and Stirling University Library for allowing me to use them as case studies for this project.

To Catherine and Amber for taking part in the study, you helped me out a lot. Thank you.

To Justine, who has managed to keep me smiling through the hardest parts of this process and who I will always be grateful for, thank you.

Thank you to Doug, Ash and Jeff – our days out and banter has meant a lot to me and has kept my social life alive during this (somewhat isolating) process.

My friends have been a constant support and have kept me sane through the last few months: Thanks to Amy, Stuart, Gillian, Ailsa, Craig, John, Fiona, Christine, Adam M and Adam RF.

To Will and Debbie for providing me with very sound advice and endless support on the other side of a screen. Thank you.

To Niall, thank you. For absolutely nothing.

Thanks to Kyle, Sam and Rachel. Just because.

And finally, thank you to my parents, Mandy and John. Their endless support has meant more to me than I could possibly express and will be forever grateful to them for their assistance, comforting words and lovely hugs. Mum – it might all have been worth it in the end!

“What’s next?”

President Josiah Bartlet – The West Wing.

Contributor: @lornypoppins

Source: BA (Hons) Business Studies, Stirling University

…to Chris, for not letting me not do it, and for understanding and being wonderful


This thesis is dedicated to the memory of my Mum, Pavla Marie Atherton, to whom I never really got to explain much of this, but who approved. She would have been tickled to see me wearing a mortarboard.


I would like to thank my supervisors,

Dr Charles Leek (University of Wales, Bangor), Dr Neil Thacker (University of Manchester), and Professor Alan Jackson (University of Manchester)

for their kind help and endless patience, and also for just letting me get on with it. I am particularly indebted to Charles for his helpful suggestions and unfailing geniality.

I would like to express my profound gratitude to Dr Guillaume Thierry (University of Wales, Bangor), for his tireless assistance with the ERP study, which was very much appreciated.

Thanks are also due to the following people, without whose patient technical assistance I would not have been able to complete the work presented here:

Mark Roberts (University of Wales, Bangor) Dr Shane McKie (University of Manchester) Yvon Watson (University of Manchester) Dr Igor Hollander (formerly of the University of Manchester)

I would also like to thank Professor Neil Roberts (University of Liverpool) and Dr Rob Ward (University of Wales, Bangor) for their helpful comments and suggestions for improvements to this thesis.

Last, and most importantly, love and thanks to my parents, Pavla and Graham, for believing I could do it, and to Chris, for not letting me not do it, and for understanding and being wonderful.

Contributor: @finiteattention
Source: Atherton, C (2005) The Neurobiology of Object Constancy, PhD, University of Wales, Bangor

The most influential group of people I will ever know, and they have made me the man I am today

It seems redundant to observe how lengthy a process developing a doctoral thesis can be; more significant is acknowledgement of those people whose support has allowed these last four years at the University of Toronto travel as smoothly as they have.

First, I would like to thank the two institutions who accepted my scholarship and invited me to develop it within their auspices.  The University of Western Australia was the site of my true awakening of love for Shakespeare and drama; the University of Toronto provided the means to develop and extend my exploration in such ways that I had not dreamed possible.  I would like to thank the administration staff at the Graduate Centre for Study of Drama, particularly John Astington, whose support was critical to my transferring over to the DC, along with the patient guidance of Stephen Johnson, Luella Massey, Bruce Barton, Paula Sperdakos, and Rob Moses.  I was lucky enough to take two research trips during the course of my PhD studies.  The fantastically helpful staff at the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington D.C. made the process of digging through prompt-books and Olivier’s personal documents as joyous as I had hoped.  Zoë Wilcox and the rest of the staff at the Royal National Theatre of Great Britain’s Waterloo Archive graciously allowed me extended access to Richard Eyre’s production information, and were always patient and helpful with all of my endless queries.

My friends, both in Perth and Toronto, have been hugely influential on my life over the process of writing this dissertation, and are far too numerous to mention their roles individually, but a list of names might suffice: Rochelle Côté; Chris Jackman; Patrick Robinson; Gabrielle Sugar; Dom O’Kane; Colette Gordon; Guillermo Verdecchia; Jo Jackson; James Bradshaw; Cillian O’Hogan; Lindsey Eckert; Carolyn Black; Sally-Beth MacLean; Iris Turcott; Jeremy Smith.  Two personal heroes need to be acknowledged: Kenneth Branagh, who showed me that text editing was much more than a foregone conclusion, and Charles Marowitz, who showed me that such cuts can change the game forever.  Garrick, Olivier, and McKellen, of course, hold a position of highest admiration in my heart, and much to my surprise, Cibber has taken his place of esteem alongside them throughout this process.

My supervisory committees, who span two continents, are among the most influential people in my life, and it is no exaggeration to say that I would not have stayed focused for so long without the input of Jill Levenson and Chris Wortham.  Both have had a monumental impact on me academically and personally, and to have two legends of the field show such care and expend such personal energy on my work has been truly humbling.  They have taught me well, and I trust I can carry on their examples.  My committee members, John Astington, Linda Hutcheon, and Bob White have all supported me every step of the way, and their care at proofing endless chapters has been critical to my progress.  In the lead-up to the final defence, Rob King and Charlie Keil graciously lent me their insight into cinema theory at the suggestion of my wonderful external examiner, Barbara Hodgdon: many thanks to you all.

I leave my family to last because they stand as the most influential group of people I will ever know, and they have made me the man I am today.  My sister Georgia, Grandmothers Noni and Nana, and siblings-in-law Kate, Mary, and Rob, have always loved me unconditionally, and it is with daunted humbleness that I thank you with all my heart.  My mother- and father-in-law, Jean Lashley and Jim Logue, have welcomed me into the fold over the last ten years and have made the six years since emigration a joyous process and I truly feel like I am family.  As for my parents, some of the most important lessons of my life have come from Jo and Mick Malone, and for that I am forever grateful.  My mum always told me that creatively visualising the things you really want will make them come true, so for the last four years I have visualised finishing my formal education with distinction.  My dad always told me to “never die wondering” and that “you can’t be selected if you’re not there at the end”: these pieces of advice have become something of a mantra in all aspects of my life, and particularly through grad school.

It is with infinite gratitude that I dedicate this work to my beloved parents.

Finally, of course, is my rock, my inspiration, my world: without my wife, Meg, none of this would ever have been possible.  At the dark times when we questioned whether emigrating was the right thing, when we realised just how little time we’d known each other before we married, when I decided that my acting career was over, when catastrophic rugby injuries threatened the really important things, Meg was always there, and always supported me unconditionally.  To have a woman of such infinite talent and dynamism put her own professional career on hold to support the dreams of the man she’s married is a powerful thing, and I have striven every day to live up to that.  Our family has expanded this month to include our beloved son Cormac: our old five-year plan is complete, and the next adventure has begun.  I am blessed to be able to share it with such a magnificent woman.

Contributor: Toby Malone
Source: Malone, T (2009) “Hast Thou Been Tampering?” Dramaturgical Adaptation and Richard III, PhD,University of Toronto

I have also been saved many times from depression and writer’s blocks by good music

Working on a PhD is supposed to be an endeavour completed in seclusion, but in practice one cannot survive without the help and support from others, fruitful scientific discussions, collaborative development of tools and papers and valuable pieces of advice.
My work was supervised by Prof. Dr. Ralf Lämmel and Prof. Dr. Chris Verhoef, who often believed in me more than I did and were always open to questions and ready to give expert advice. They have made my development possible.
LPPR colleagues — Jan Heering, Prof. Dr. Paul Klint, Prof. Dr. Mark van den Brand— have been a rare yet useful source of new research ideas.
All thesis reading committee members have dedicated a lot of attention to my work and delivered exceptionally useful feedback on the late stage of the research: Prof. Dr. Jean Bézivin, Dr. Jean-Marie Favre, Prof. Dr. Willem Jan Fokkink, Prof. Dr. Paul Klint, Dr. Steven Klusener. I am also grateful for Cor-Paul Bezemer and Toon Verwaest who provided proofreading and correcting services for the Dutch part of this thesis. There have been a lot of insightful discussions in the rooms and hallways of the Vrije Universiteit with Dr. Niels Veerman, Ernst-Jan Verhoeven, Łukasz Kwiatkowski and Johan Vincent de Vries.
I would like to thank my family that backed me up with complete support and encouragement through the years of research, especially my mother, Liudmila Zaytseva; my grandmother, Dr. Svetlana Bocheva; my grandfather, Prof. Alexander Bochev; my uncle, Dr. Michael Bochev and my godfather, Prof. Dr. Yuri Bashmakov, MD.
My close friends’ understanding, respect and interest in my work was also among the most important things that kept me going: Dr. Alexander Gufan, Dr. Stanislav Tsykavy and Stanislav Rezhabek.
I have also been saved many times from depression and writer’s blocks by good music.I cannot name all the artists responsible for that, but the most credit goes to Huddie Ledbetter, William Broonzy, Fulton Allen, Thomas McClennan and Bruce Springsteen.
Contributor: @grammarware
Source: Zaytsev, V (2010) Recovery, convergence and documentation of languages, PhD, Vrije University

I am thankful to my loving wife Esther for her patience and encouragement

First of all, I’d like to thank my friends and family for their support throughout this writing process and my studies as a whole. Most notably, I am thankful to my loving wife Esther for her patience and encouragement. Also, my thanks go out to my supervisor and colleagues. To professor O’Callaghan, for finding the time to supervise me, for his support and his valuable feedback. I’d like to thank Jeroen de Jong of Erasmus University for proof-reading early versions of this work, for his contributions to the survey, for frequently providing advice and for being a great mentor in general. I’d like to thank Eric von Hippel for his friendly encouragement and inspirational guidance. Moreover, his seminal work in user innovation and open source communities provides a critical foundation for this thesis.

During my research, many people have provided important insights, put me into contact with the right people, or otherwise have enabled me to do this work. I whole-heartedly thank the whole RepRap and related communities, of which many have taken the time to provide information through the survey and in many other ways. I’d like to thank the many people that have provided encouragement and welcomed me to their homes, hackerspaces and labs. In particular I’d like to thank Benjamin “Mako” Hill, Zach “Hoeken” Smith, Bre Pettis, Chris Palmer, Rhys Jones, Adrian Bowyer.

Several conferences where I had the privilege to speak were the fertile soil for discussions and development of ideas that are now incorporated in this work. Many thanks to the organizers for making that happen, thanks to Hay Kranen, Thomas Madsen-Mygdal, Bas van Abel, Phoebe Moore, Michel Bauwens, George Kuk, Pedro Custodio, Carla Koen, Xander van Mechelen, Neil Gershenfeld and many others. To Siert Wijnia, for being a good friend and companion to the several conferences. To Martijn Elserman, for involving me in yet another adventure in open source 3D printing.

Finally, I’d like to thank the interviewees and others who have likewise contributed to this work, in no particular order, Marius Karthaus, Pieter de Bruijn, Aike de Jongste, Serge Broekhuizen, Gerald Barnett, Krista Polle, Kees Seldenrijk, George Kuk, Pia Weiss, Kerstin Balka, Marcin Jakubowski and Eric Hunting.

Additional thanks go out to Eric von Hippel and the MIT Sloan School of Management for subsidizing trips to New York City and MIT, Cambridge allowing me to conduct key interviews for my research and to EIM Business and Policy Research for providing additional funding that allowed me to do this work.

Contributor: @ErikDeBruijn Erik’s blog is here
Source: de Bruijn, E (2010) On the viability of the open source development model for the design of physical objects: Lessons learned from the RepRap project, MSc, University of Tilburg, The Netherlands

…willingness to do lunch and provide instant messenger counseling on demand

To my husband Luke Mewburn: without whom I could not have completed this work. Not only did he offer unstinting love, support and encouragement, but he has proved himself to be a man who is proud to have a wife who has a few more degrees on the wall than he does.

To my son Brendan, age seven, who has endured his mother undertaking two post graduate degrees in the span his short life to date. His affection, patience and willingness to play Nintendo for long periods of time can never be fully rewarded in the form of a completed thesis, but I hope he will read it one day anyway.

Without the financial and material support of the Melbourne School of Design at the University of Melbourne this thesis would never have been written. I wish to thank the institution for generously providing me with free tuition and a living stipend during my candidature, as well as supporting study related overseas travel and expenses.

I am indebted to Brent Allpress from the Architecture and Design School at RMIT University for sparking my interest in gesture and to my supervisor, Dr Scott Drake, who gave me latitude to explore the topic in my own way while constantly providing encouragement, advice and guidance. The other members of my supervisory panel: Dr Greg Missingham, Dr Sue Wilks and Dr Peter Raisbeck patiently read and commented on work in progress, providing me with valuable feedback and many interesting ideas. I would also like to thank Dr Scott Heyes of the University of Melbourne for helping me with methodology.

As a fieldwork based study, this thesis relied on the willingness of many students and teachers who agreed to work under my watchful gaze. They all have my heartfelt thanks. In particular I would like to thank the four main teachers who are shown at work in this study: Dr Peter Corrigan, Dr Pia Ednie Brown, Ms Anna Johnson and Mr Simon Wollan. They not only (bravely) opened up their classrooms to me, but they also took the time to help me develop my ideas about the nature of design teaching practice.

I would not have made much progress theoretically without the actor-network theory discussion group at the University of Melbourne, convened by Professor Diane Mulcahy of the Graduate School of Education. The members of the group always made me feel welcome, even though I was a foreigner from the Melbourne School of Design. Lyn Campbell should be singled out as a generous and thoughtful scholar who took the time to walk with me through this intellectual jungle and point out the promising parts of the undergrowth. I would also like to thank Helena Webster of Oxford Brookes University for encouragement and support and Professor Robin Usher, who deserves special thanks for being both an intellectual mentor and supportive boss.

I have been lucky to be surrounded by many other intelligent and thoughtful people who were ready to hear me rehearse argumentation and theories as I progressed through the study, in particular Dr Robyn Barnacle (who has borne the brunt of it) as well as Beatriz Maturana, Janne Morton and Joan Grieg (for the emails). I can never adequately repay the generosity of Dr Bernard Brown for reading the first draft so thoroughly and well. The feedback from Ian Woodcock, Crystal Legacy, Wiryono Rahajo, Julie Rudner and our facilitator, Harriet Searcy, during the writing circle sponsored by the University of Melbourne was invaluable, as was the support from Jane Trewin and Lorenne Wilks of the Research office in the ABP faculty.

I would also like to thank all my friends, in particular Weiss Zhao, Andrew Maher, Colleen Boyle, Jacques Kosky, Felicity Jones, Elanor Parsons, John Ting, Angela Alessi and various other members of the ‘Pods’ for conversations, both of the intellectual and “troubles telling” variety, which kept me sane throughout. My colleagues at the Graduate Research Office at RMIT University, particularly Helen Lethanks for being so great to work with – and for all the cakes.

My extended family have been supportive throughout and I would like to give a shout out to the Mewburns and the Blackfords for all the dinners, lunches and the baby sitting, in particular Barb and Steve Mewburn. Thanks to my father, Roger, always a good academic role model, who pointed out years ago the importance of reading ‘improving books’ and my mother, Velma, who would have been so proud had she lived to see me finish this thesis.

Finally heartfelt thanks and love to my twin sister, Anitra Nottingham, who was always ready to provide me with the benefit of her experience as a professional graphic designer and online teacher as well as willingness to do lunch and provide instant messenger counseling on demand.

Contributor: Inger Mewburn @thesiswhisperer More info here.
Source: Mewburn, I (2009) Constructing bodies: gesture, speech and representation at work in architectural design studios, PhD, University of Melbourne

A source of inspiration to me all my life

I would like to dedicate this dissertation to my parents who have been a source of inspiration to me all my life. It is only through their support and encouragement that this work has been possible. I would also like to thank Michael Clarke and Charanjit Marwaha for their support throughout the MSc Data Networks and Security course.

Contributor: @dalemorson
Source: Morson, D (2009) Improving network lab environments using virtualisation MSc, University of Birmingham

Persistence, patience, punctuation and perseverance

To my family; my wife Jill, and my three girls, Kirsty, Rachel and Tess who have all supported and encouraged me through the whole process.

To my parents Jim and Maureen.

To Professor Graeme Martin for his persistence, patience, punctuation and perseverance.

To Liz Murphy, Ed Spilg, Caroline Whitton, Morag Curnow, David  Raeside, Lynnsey Crane, Min Maung and Haitham Qandeel for their support through the MSc journey.

To Sarah Sutton for her amazing efforts as Clinical Librarian at Leicester Royal Infirmary.

To Professor Bruce at the University of Wollamaloo.

To Miles, James, Bob, Cisca, Paul and John for the music in my life.

To my gorgeous friends.

To those who follow.

Contributor: @ffolliet
Source: MSc in Clinical Leadership, University of Glasgow